SAFe Scrum Master SSM 6.0 Exam Questions SAFe Scrum Master SSM 6.0 Exam Questions

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Area 1: Agile Development Concepts


Which framework cannot be used to practice Agile methodology?

⬜ SAFe
⬜ Scrum
⬜ Kanban
⬜ DevOps

Which development practices an agile team should follow? (Choose two.)

⬜ Behavior-Driven Development
⬜ Gather requirements
⬜ Frequent Demos
⬜ Prioritize Story

Which two options are considered Agile practices? (Choose two.)

⬜ Timeboxing
⬜ Building GANTT charts
⬜ Test-Driven Development
⬜ Batching work for testing efficiency
⬜ Making sure requirements are complete prior to development

An agile development team brige the gap with operations using which practice?

⬜ Frequent demos
⬜ Behavior-driven development
⬜ DevOps
⬜ Team Syncs

What benefit does cadence-based development provide?

⬜ Limits WIP
⬜ Limits variability
⬜ Synchronization
⬜ Causes multiple events to occur at the same time

Scrum master’s responsibility is to prevent which trait from high-performing team?

⬜ Self Organizing
⬜ Value Diversity
⬜ Mutual Trust
⬜ Competition

Which is one of the characteristic of high-performing Teams?

⬜ Competitive within Team
⬜ Same mindset and Point-of-view
⬜ No Confict and Challenges
⬜ Self-Organizing

According to Patrick Lencioni’s “Five Dysfunctions of a Team”, what is team’s ultimate competitive advantage?

⬜ Respect
⬜ Commitment
⬜ Transparency
⬜ Teamwork

According to Patrick Lencioni’s “Five Dysfunctions of a Team”, which issue most often leads to Team Dysfunctions?

⬜ Absense of Trust
⬜ Fear of Conflict
⬜ Lack of Commitment
⬜ Avoidance of Accountability

How a Scrum Master can handle the “fear of conflict” team dysfunction?

⬜ Create a safe environment in scrum and encourage discussion of diagreeements
⬜ Engage team in Retrospective
⬜ Encourage team members to respect others point-of-view
⬜ Avoid discussion on things which can go haywire

What is one method a Scrum Master can use to help Teams overcome a fear of conflict?

⬜ Giving every Team member the opportunity to contribute
⬜ Aligning to shared commitments
⬜ Scheduling regular Team Syncs
⬜ Enforcing work-in-progress limits

According to Tuckman’s stages of team development, in which stage, Agile team “starts respecting each other’s opinions and values their differences”?

⬜ Performing
⬜ Norming
⬜ Storming
⬜ Forming

Which Tuckman’s team development stage, Agile team begins to work together as a new team?

⬜ Performing
⬜ Storming
⬜ Norming
⬜ Forming

Which is the first stage of Tuckman’s team development, where team first meet each other?

⬜ Performing
⬜ Norming
⬜ Storming
⬜ Forming

Which statement is a value from the Agile Manifesto?

⬜ Customer collaboration over a constant indefinite pace
⬜ Customer collaboration over contract negotiation
⬜ Customer collaboration over Feature negotiation
⬜ Customer collaboration over ongoing internal conversation

Which statement is a value from the Agile Development?

⬜ Responding to a plan over responding to customer collaboration
⬜ Responding to a plan over responding to change
⬜ Responding to change over following a system
⬜ Responding to change over following a plan

Which statement is a value from the Agile Development?

⬜ Customer collaboration over a constant indefinite pace
⬜ Individuals and interactions over contract negotiation
⬜ Customer collaboration over following a plan
⬜ Individuals and interactions over processes and tools

Which is one of the four Agile Development values?

⬜ Responding to change
⬜ Respect for people and culture
⬜ Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles
⬜ Limit work in process

What is one Agile development value?

⬜ Regular interactions over detailed plans
⬜ Working software over comprehensive documentation
⬜ Working teams over busy individuals
⬜ Quick demo over comprehensive reviews

Which statement is a principle of the Agile Manifesto?

⬜ Measure everything
⬜ Simplicity–the art of maximizing the amount of work not done–is essential
⬜ Visualize and limit WIP, reduce batch sizes, and manage queue lengths
⬜ Respect for people and culture

What is the key differentiation of Agile development from Waterfall?

⬜ Architectural Runway and Incremental delivery of value
⬜ Fast Feedback and Face-to-face interaction
⬜ Incremental delivery of value and Fast Feedback
⬜ Architectural Runway and Staggered Integration

Area 2: Scrum Basics


Three pillars of Scrum support the Scrum values. Which is NOT the pillar?

⬜ Transparency
⬜ Inspection
⬜ Respect
⬜ Adaptation

The three pillars of Scrum are transparency, inspection, and what else?

⬜ Respect
⬜ Adaptation
⬜ Collaboration
⬜ Self organization

Which Scrum values allows Scrum team to be agile? (Choose two.)

⬜ Commitment
⬜ Curiosity
⬜ Communication
⬜ Courage

You have people with different skill-set, personality, ethnicity, and background in the team. Such diverse team thrives on which scrum value?

⬜ Courage
⬜ Commitment
⬜ Focus
⬜ Respect

Which Scrum value promotes the feedback culture in Scrum team?

⬜ Courage
⬜ Respect
⬜ Focus
⬜ Openness

Which terminology is used in SAFe for Daily Scrum?

⬜ ART Sync
⬜ Daily Standup
⬜ Team Sync
⬜ Iteration Sync

Who acts as the ‘Chief Scrum Master’ for the Agile Release Train?

⬜ Scrum Master
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Manager
⬜ Release Train Engineer

Area 3: SAFe Core Values


SAFe has the following four core values:-

  1. Alignment
  2. Transparency
  3. Respect for people
  4. Relentless improvement

Reference: https://scaledagileframework.com/safe-core-values/

What are two of the SAFe Core Values? (Choose two.)

⬜ Program execution
⬜ Transparency
⬜ Flow
⬜ Culture
⬜ Relentless improvement

*What is one of the SAFe Core Values?

⬜ Flow
⬜ Transparency
⬜ Culture
⬜ Built-in quality

*Which SAFe Core Value includes “use common terminology” and “understand your customer”?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

Which SAFe Core Value includes “create trust-based environment” and “learn from mistakes”?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

Which SAFe Core Value includes “build long-term partnership” and “value diversity”?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

Which SAFe Core Value focuses on the Customer being the consumer of the work?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

Which SAFe Core Value includes “build problem-solving culture” and “reflect and adapt” ?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

Which SAFe Core Value emphasize on Learning and Growth?

⬜ Alignment
⬜ Respect for People
⬜ Relentless Improvement
⬜ Transparency

*How can trust be gained between the business and technology?

⬜ Maintain Iterations as a safe zone for the team
⬜ Release new value to production every day
⬜ Deliver predictably
⬜ Automate the delivery pipeline

Area 4: SAFe Lean-Agile Principles


  1. Take an economic view
    1. Deliver Early and Often
    2. Apply a Comprehensive Economic Framework:-
      -Operate Within Lean Budgets and Guardrails
      -Understand Solution Economic Trade-Offs: Development expense, Lead time, Product cost, Value, and Risk
      -Leverage Suppliers
      -Sequencing Jobs for Maximum Benefit: Weighted Shortest Job First (MSJF)
  2. Apply systems thinking
    1. The Solution Is a System
      -Optimizing a component does not optimize the whole system
      -For the system to behave well, teams must understand the intended behavior and architecture
      -The value of a system passes through its interconnections
      -A system can evolve no faster than its slowest integration point
    2. The Enterprise Building the System Is a System, Too
    3. Understand and Optimize the Full Development Value Stream
    4. Only Management Can Change the System
  3. Assume variability; preserve options
    -Flexible requirements and design, the Cone of uncertainty, set-based over point-based approach
  4. Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles
    -PDCA = Plan – Do – Check – Adjust, The shorted the cycles, the faster the learning
    -Integration points control product development and reduce risk
  5. Base milestones on objective evaluation of working systems
    -Phase-gate milestones force design decisions too early, false-positive feasibility, they assume a point Solution exists, huge batches and long queues, centralized requirements and design.
    -Use Objective milestones instead, PI System Demos, continuous, cost-effective adjustments towards an optimum Solution)
  6. Make value flow without interruptions
    -Reduce batch size for higher predictability. Total cost = Holding cost + Transaction cost. Reducing transaction costs increases predictability, accelerates feedback, reduces rework, and lowers cost.
    -Little’s Law: Wq = Lq / Lambda, Average wait time = Average queue length / Average processing rate
  7. Apply cadence, synchronize with cross-domain planning
    Cadence – converts unpredictable events into predictable occurrences and lowers cost, makes waiting times for new work predictable, supports regular planning and cross-functional coordination, limits batch sizes to a single interval, controls injection of new work, provides scheduled integration points;
    Synchronization – causes multiple events to happen simultaneously, facilitates cross-functional trade-offs, provides routine dependency management, supports full system integration and assessment, provides multiple feedback perspectives
  8. Unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers
    -Workers are most qualified to make decisions about how to perform their work
    -The workers must be heard and respected for management to lead effectively
    -Knowledge workers must manage themselves. They need autonomy
    -Continuing innovation must be part of the work, the tasks, and the responsibilities of knowledge workers.
    -Unlocking intrinsic motivation with autonomy, mastery, and purpose
  9. Decentralize decision-making
    Centralize – Infrequent, Long-lasting, Significant economies of scale
    Decentralize – Frequent, Time critical, Requires local information
  10. Organize around value
    -Value doesn’t follow silos
    -Organize around Development Value Streams.

Reference: https://scaledagileframework.com/safe-lean-agile-principles/

*Which SAFe Lean-Agile Principle includes an emphasis on “deliver early and often”?

⬜ Take an economic view
⬜ Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles
⬜ Organize around value
⬜ Make value flow without interruptions

SAFe’s first Lean-Agile Principle includes “Deliver early and often” and what else?

⬜ Decentralize decision-making
⬜ Apply cadence
⬜ Apply systems thinking
⬜ Apply a Comprehensive Economic Framework

*When basing decisions on economics, how are lead time, product cost, value and development expense used?

⬜ To take into account sunk costs
⬜ To recover money already spent
⬜ To limit work in process (WIP)
⬜ To understand solution tradeoffs

Which is an aspect of system thinking?

⬜ Mastery drives intrinsic motivation
⬜ Optimizing a component does not optimize the whole system
⬜ Cadence makes routine that which is routine
⬜ The length of the queue impacts the wait time

Which two are primary aspects of system thinking? (Choose two)

⬜ Mastery drives intrinsic motivation
⬜ Optimize the full Value Stream
⬜ Agile Release Train (ART) is a System
⬜ The Solution itself is a System
⬜ The System is composed of People

Which is NOT a true statement about system thinking?

⬜ Optimizing a component of the system optimizes the whole system
⬜ For the system to behave well as a system, a higher-level understanding of behavior and architecture is required
⬜ The value of a system passes through its interconnections
⬜ A system can evolve no faster than its slowest integration point

You’re working on a complex multi-component software project and would like to control the variability of the development process. What SAFe mechanism can you employ?

⬜ Integration points
⬜ Stand-up meetings
⬜ Detailed upfront planning
⬜ Decentralized decision making

What is the principal advantage of using objective evaluation of working systems as milestones in the Scaled Agile Framework?

⬜ Centralized decisions regarding design and requirements
⬜ Increased system performance
⬜ Significantly lower solution bug rate
⬜ Risk mitigation

In the Kanban boards some steps have work in process (WIP) limits. Why is this necessary?

⬜ To enable multitasking
⬜ To ensure large queues are not being built
⬜ To help Continuous Deployment
⬜ To keep timebox goals

Which statement is true about batch size?

⬜ Large batch sizes limit the ability to preserve options
⬜ When stories are broken into tasks it means there are small batch sizes
⬜ Large batch sizes ensure time for built-in quality
⬜ When there is flow it means there are small batch sizes

*Which statement is true about batch size?

⬜ When Stories are broken into tasks it means there are small batch sizes
⬜ The handoff batch should be made as large as possible
⬜ Large batch sizes ensure time for built-in quality
⬜ Large batch sizes increase variability

If small batches go through the system faster with lower variability, then which two statements are true about batch size? (Choose two.)

⬜ Good infrastructure enables large batches
⬜ Proximity (co-location) enables small batch size
⬜ Batch sizes cannot influence our behavior
⬜ Severe project slippage is the most likely result of large batches
⬜ Low utilization increases variability

You’re managing a team that has embodied SAFe. It takes about 5 days for each of your internal clients’ requests for a feature to be answered by the development lead and, on average, only about 2 days to implement a feature. The testing team also takes another day, but the handover from development to testing takes two days per feature request. What’s the immediate SAFe tip you would implement to ensure that value is delivered sooner?

⬜ Remove, or minimize, the implementation time.
⬜ Remove the development lead and educate a self-organizing team.
⬜ Have the developers carry out the testing of their own work and remove the testing team completely.
⬜ Remove, or minimize, the request wait time and the testing handover time.

SAFe is a flow-based system. Which is not a property of a flow system?

⬜ Batch
⬜ Queue
⬜ Work in process (WIP)
⬜ Retro

What should the team focus on to optimize flow?

⬜ Cost
⬜ Requests
⬜ Delays
⬜ Results

Optimizing flow means identifying what?

⬜ Key performance indicators
⬜ Delays
⬜ Predictability issues of the train
⬜ Activities that lack innovation

What are the three flow accelerators for making value flow without interruptions? (Choose three.)

⬜ Reduce Queue Length
⬜ Frequent context switching
⬜ Increase capacity
⬜ Address the systemic problems
⬜ Work in Smaller Batches
⬜ Visualize and limit work in process (WIP)

When using the Scaled Agile Framework, what is one benefit of adding synchronization to the cadence of multiple teams?

⬜ System-wide development variability is reduced to zero
⬜ System-wide demos are possible since all the team demos happen at the same time
⬜ Each team will work faster since they all start at the same time
⬜ Overall work-in-progress is reduced

What is an example of applying cadence-based synchronization in SAFe?

⬜ Teams decide their own Iteration length
⬜ Teams align their Iterations to the same schedule to support communication, coordination, and system integration
⬜ Teams allow batch sizes across multiple intervals
⬜ Teams meet twice every Program Increment (PI) to plan and schedule capacity

Each team is “sprinting” on a cadence in a SAFe Agile Release Train, which adds synchronization to this cadence?

⬜ Backlog refinement
⬜ Routine System Demos
⬜ Innovation and Planning (IP) iteration
⬜ ART Sync

Peter Drucker defines knowledge workers as individuals who know more about the work they perform than who?

⬜ Their coworkers
⬜ Their team
⬜ Their organization
⬜ Their bosses

*What else does the SAFe principle, unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers, require besides purpose and minimum possible constraints?

⬜ Transparency
⬜ Innovation
⬜ Incentive-based compensation
⬜ Autonomy

What is one benefit of unlocking the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers?

⬜ To centralize decision-making
⬜ To provide autonomy with purpose, mission, and minimum constraints
⬜ To lower work in process (WIP) limits
⬜ To strive to achieve a state of continuous flow

What else does the SAFe Lean-Agile principle, unlock the intrinsic motivation of knowledge workers, require besides purpose and autonomy?

⬜ Innovation
⬜ Transparency
⬜ Mastery
⬜ Incentive-based compensation

Which is not an extrinsic motivation factor?

⬜ Compensation
⬜ Recognition
⬜ Stacked Ranking
⬜ Promotion Opportunities

What is the biggest benefit of decentralized decision-making?

⬜ Ensuring strategic decisions are not made in a vacuum
⬜ Delivering value in the shortest sustainable lead time
⬜ Creating better visualization
⬜ Removing accountability from leaders

When should a decision be decentralized?

⬜ If it’s long-lasting
⬜ If it requires local information
⬜ If it provides large economies of scale
⬜ If it’s infrequent

Which two types of decisions should remain centralized even in a decentralized decision-making environment? (Choose two.)

⬜ Decisions that are made frequently
⬜ Decisions that come with a high cost of delay
⬜ Decisions that require local information
⬜ Decisions that deliver large and broad economic benefits
⬜ Decisions unlikely to change in the short term

*Which type of decision should remain centralized even in a decentralized decision-making environment?

⬜ Decisions that come with a high cost of delay
⬜ Decisions that require local information
⬜ Decisions that are made frequently
⬜ Decisions that deliver large and broad economic benefits

Which is an example of a decision that should remain centralized even in a decentralized decision-making environment?

⬜ Team and ART Backlog
⬜ Point release to Customer
⬜ Feature Criteria
⬜ Compensation Strategy

Which is an example of a decision that should be decentralized?

⬜ Internationalization Strategy
⬜ Common technology platform
⬜ Team and ART Backlog
⬜ Compensation Strategy

*Which SAFe Lean-Agile Principle includes the critical part of “delaying decisions to the last responsible moment”?

⬜ Make value flow without interruptions
⬜ Assume variability; preserve options
⬜ Build incrementally with fast, integrated learning cycles
⬜ Base milestones on objective evaluation of working systems

*According to the SAFe Lean-Agile Principle #10, what should the Enterprise do when markets and customers demand change?

⬜ Recognize the network to address emerging opportunities
⬜ Apply development cadence and synchronization to operate effectively and manage uncertainty
⬜ Create a reliable decision-making framework to empower employees
⬜ Create a new Portfolio to manage the change

What is the basic building block when organizing around value?

⬜ Agile Teams
⬜ Hierarchies
⬜ Individuals
⬜ Agile Release Trains

Area 5: Cross-functional Agile Teams


*What is one way to describe a cross-functional Agile Team?

⬜ They release customer products to production continuously
⬜ They deliver value every 6 weeks
⬜ They are optimized for communication and delivery of value
⬜ They are made up of individuals, each of whom can define, develop, test, and deploy the system

What are two ways to describe a cross-functional Agile Team? (Choose two.)

⬜ They are optimized for communication and delivery of value
⬜ They deliver value every six weeks
⬜ They are made up of members, each of whom can define, develop, test, and deploy the system
⬜ They can define, build, and test an increment of value
⬜ They release customer products to production continuously

When working with the team backlog, what is the specific function of the Product Owner?

⬜ Helping surface problems with the current plan.
⬜ Investing all their time in developing specific acceptance tests.
⬜ Holding all features that are planned to be delivered by an ART.
⬜ Protecting the team from the problem of multiple stakeholders.

Which does NOT come under Product Owner responsibility?

⬜ Connecting with the Customer
⬜ Contributing to the Vision and Roadmap
⬜ Managing and Prioritize the Team Backlog
⬜ Facilitate PI Planning

Product Management has content authority over the Program Backlog. What do Product Owners have content authority over?

⬜ Value Streams
⬜ Portfolio Backlog
⬜ Portfolio Vision
⬜ Team Backlog

Who acts as a customer proxy for Agile teams?

⬜ The Scrum Master
⬜ The Product Owner
⬜ The Release Train Engineer
⬜ The Business Analyst

You want to store, version, and index binary software artifacts. What type of tool do you use?

⬜ Code Repository
⬜ Linter
⬜ Artifact Management Repository
⬜ Code Generator

Which team type is organized to deliver the value directly to the customer?

⬜ Stream-aligned team
⬜ Platform team
⬜ Complicated subsystem team
⬜ Enabling team

Which team type is organized to build the internal and supporting services to reduce the cognitive load?

⬜ Stream-aligned team
⬜ Platform team
⬜ Complicated subsystem team
⬜ Enabling team

Which team type is organized to build and maintain a part of the system?

⬜ Stream-aligned team
⬜ Platform team
⬜ Complicated subsystem team
⬜ Enabling team

*Which team type is organized to assist other teams with specialized capabilities and help them become more proficient in new technologies?

⬜ Stream-aligned team
⬜ Platform team
⬜ Complicated subsystem team
⬜ Enabling team

Area 6: Iteration Execution


What is the typical duration of an Iteration in SAFe?

⬜ Four Weeks
⬜ Two weeks
⬜ Six Weeks
⬜ Three Weeks

Typically how many iterations are there in a Planning Interval (PI)?

⬜ 4 development iterations and 1 IP iternation
⬜ 3 development iterations and 1 IP iteration
⬜ 4 development iterations only
⬜ 3 development iterations only

How many Iterations would it take for a team with a velocity of 20 story points per Iteration to finish a backlog of 60 story points?

⬜ 1 Iteration
⬜ 2 Iterations
⬜ 3 Iterations
⬜ 4 Iterations

Who participates in the backlog refinement event?

⬜ All train stakeholders
⬜ All the people on the train
⬜ The development team
⬜ The Agile Team members and other Subject Matter Experts

In the context of a Team Increment, every Iteration each team plans, builds, tests, integrates, and?

⬜ Reorganizes
⬜ Review their work
⬜ Sets new objectives
⬜ Clears out the backlog

Why is it important to organize the work for Iteration Planning?

⬜ So the team can load balance
⬜ So the backlog can be prepared
⬜ So a realistic work scope can be defined
⬜ So the Scrum Master can prepare workload for the Continuous Delivery Pipeline

Who defines the final scope of a committed Iteration?

⬜ The Agile Team
⬜ The Scrum Master
⬜ The Product Owner
⬜ The Solution Owner

Which two statements describe the design of the team Kanban board? (Choose two.)

⬜ It has a WIP limit for every stage that is adjusted empirically
⬜ It has the same design across all Agile teams to ensure consistent execution
⬜ It is primarily a task board used to visualize the Iteration Backlog and related tasks
⬜ It is designed by the Development Team with coaching from the Scrum Master, and it is based on the team’s workflow
⬜ It is designed by the Scrum Master so that team members follow their suggestions on how the work needs to be done

Agile Teams work on a series of Plan-Do-Check-Adjust (PDCA) cycles to flow value to the Customer. What is each cycle referred as in SAFe?

⬜ Iteration
⬜ IP Iteration
⬜ Backlog Refinement
⬜ Continuous Deployment

Who has the authority to change the Backlog during an Iteration?

⬜ Scrum Master
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Agile Team

Who commits to the Iteration goals at the end of Iteration Planning?

⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Scrum Master
⬜ Agile Team
⬜ Business Owner

Who owns and prioritize the Team backlog during an Iteration?

⬜ Scrum Master
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Management

During PI Planning, who owns the planning of Stories into Iterations?

⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Agile Team
⬜ Scrum Master
⬜ Business Owner

What is the focus of the Team Sync?

⬜ PI objectives versus outcomes
⬜ Progress towards the Iteration and PI goals
⬜ Scrum Master goals versus Development Team goals
⬜ Plan objectives versus Program Owner objectives

Why do teams have an Iteration Retrospective?

⬜ To iterate on stories
⬜ To identify acceptance criteria
⬜ To adjust and identify ways to improve
⬜ To evaluate metrics

Area 7: Agile Release Train (ART)


The Agile Release Train uses which type of teams to get work done?

⬜ Solution teams
⬜ Phased-review-process teams
⬜ Management teams
⬜ Cross-functional teams

What are two of the Agile Release Train Sync meetings? (Choose two.)

⬜ PO Sync
⬜ System Demo
⬜ Solution Demo
⬜ Coach Sync
⬜ Inspect and Adapt

What is one of the Agile Release Train sync meetings?

⬜ Solution Demo
⬜ Coach Sync
⬜ Iteration Retrospective
⬜ Iteration Review

Who facilitates the PO Sync meeting?

⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Scrum Master

What is the primary purpose of PO Sync meeting?

⬜ To build PI Objectives and improve alignment
⬜ To align with Coach Sync participants on the status of the PI
⬜ To assess the progress of the PI and adjust scope and priorities as needed
⬜ To conduct backlog refinement

Who facilitates the Coach Sync meeting?

⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Scrum Master

Which statement is true about ART events?

⬜ The daily stand-up is an ART event that requires the scrum of scrums and Program Owner sync involvement in the closed-loop system
⬜ The Inspect and Adapt is the only ART event required to create a closed-loop system
⬜ Team events run inside the ART events, and the ART events create a closed-loop system
⬜ ART events run inside the team events, and the team events create a closed-loop system

Which is not an ART event?

⬜ System Demo
⬜ Inspect and Adapt
⬜ PI Planning
⬜ Retro

Which role serves as a servant leader for the Agile Release Train?

⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Agile Coach
⬜ Scrum Master

The Agile Release Train passes through four steps to deliver Solutions which include: defining new functionality, building, validating, and what else?

⬜ Completing phase-gate steps
⬜ Releasing
⬜ Regulatory compliance
⬜ DevOps testing

What do Shared Services represent?

⬜ A future view of the solution to be developed, reflecting customer and stakeholder needs.
⬜ A community of practice is an informal group of team members and other experts.
⬜ A team that provides assistance in building and using the continuous delivery pipeline.
⬜ The specialty roles, people, and services required for the success of an Agile Release Train or Solution Train.

You need someone in your organization who will be the authority on the ART backlog and is the internal voice of the Customer. What SAFe Program-level role must you fill?

⬜ Customer Support Representative
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Product Management

What is part of the role of Product Management?

⬜ To prioritize the ART Backlog
⬜ To prioritize Enablers
⬜ To facilitate backlog refinement sessions
⬜ To assign business value to Features

What is the main reason for System Demo?

⬜ To provide an optional quality check
⬜ To enable faster feedback by integration across teams
⬜ To fulfill SAFe PI Planning requirement
⬜ To allow product owner to provide feedback on team increment

What is the best measure of progress for complex system development?

⬜ Inspect and Adapt
⬜ System Demo
⬜ Prioritized backlog
⬜ Iteration Review

How often should System Demos occur in the default SAFe cadence?

⬜ Every 4 weeks
⬜ When requested
⬜ Weekly
⬜ Every 2 week

How often should a System Demo occur?

⬜ Every Release
⬜ Every Week
⬜ Every Month
⬜ Every Iteration

If a program repeatedly shows separate Feature branches rather than a true System Demo, which practice should be reviewed to address the issue?

⬜ Test first
⬜ Roadmap creation
⬜ Continuous Integration
⬜ Scrum of scrums

During Inspect and Adapt, teams identified a large number of action items aimed at solving their biggest problem as a train. How should the team proceed?

⬜ Load all improvement items into the Program Backlog to ensure the problem is documented and solved
⬜ Select an improvement item using WSJF
⬜ Identify two or three improvement items and load them into the Program Backlog
⬜ Keep all the items and if there is extra capacity in the PI, load as many as will fit into the Program Backlog

Which one is part of the Inspect and Adapt (I&A) event?

⬜ PI System Demo
⬜ PI Planning
⬜ Iteration Demo
⬜ Iteration Review

Which is NOT a part of the Inspect and Adapt (I&A) event?

⬜ PI System Demo
⬜ PI Planning
⬜ Quantitative and qualitative measurement
⬜ Retrospective and problem-solving workshop

Which statement is true about the Innovation and Planning (IP) Iteration?

⬜ It is used annually when the team needs to refocus on work processes
⬜ It is used as a weekly sync point between the Scrum Masters
⬜ Without the IP Iteration, there is a risk that the ’tyranny of the urgent’ outweighs all innovation activities
⬜ The Scrum Master can decide if the IP Iteration is necessary

Which of the following is a bad practice for the IP Iteration?

⬜ Dedicate time for I&A event and PI planning event
⬜ Ensure all Stories and Team’s PI plans are completed prior to the IP Iteration
⬜ Spend time on innovation, exploration, and tech debt in IP Iteration
⬜ Plan work for the IP Iteration during PI Planning and wait for the IP Iteration to fix defects

⬜ Phrase, benefit hypothesis, and acceptance criteria
⬜ Lean business case
⬜ Functional requirement
⬜ Epic hypothesis statement

Features lend themselves to the Lean UX process model. They include a definition, a benefit hypothesis, and what else?

⬜ Functional Requirement
⬜ Scope
⬜ Business Goals
⬜ Acceptance Criteria

Area 8: PI Planning


*What is the example of applying cadence and synchronization in SAFe?

⬜ Creating cross-functional ARTs and Agile teams
⬜ Allocating budgets to Value Streams
⬜ Using a Portfolio Kanban system
⬜ Conducting a PI Planning event

When is a Pre-PI Planning event needed?

⬜ When there is only one day to run PI Planning, so more time is needed to prepare to run it effectively
⬜ When Product Owners and Scrum Masters need to coordinate dependencies within the Agile Release Train
⬜ When multiple Agile Release Trains working on the same Solution need to align and coordinate
⬜ When teams cannot identify and estimate Stories in PI Planning and need more time to prepare

What are the two inputs to PI Planning? (Choose two.)

⬜ Vision
⬜ Ready user stories
⬜ Program Roadmap
⬜ Top-10 Features list
⬜ A set of PI Objectives

A successful PI planning event delivers which primary outputs? (Choose two.)

⬜ Roadmap and Vision
⬜ Business Context
⬜ Committed PI objectives
⬜ ART planning board
⬜ Scope

⬜ 4-6 weeks
⬜ 6-8 weeks
⬜ 8-12 weeks
⬜ 12-16 weeks

*What is found on the ART Planning board?

⬜ Features
⬜ User Stories
⬜ Tasks
⬜ Epics

The ART Planning board shows which two items? (Choose two.)

⬜ Epics
⬜ Capacity and Load
⬜ Features
⬜ Significant Dependencies
⬜ Risks

Which three items are found on an ART Planning board? (Choose three.)

⬜ Significant Dependencies
⬜ Milestones or Events
⬜ Tasks
⬜ Backlog items
⬜ Features
⬜ User Stories

What are two problems that can be understood from the ART Planning Board? (Choose two.)

⬜ Events for future PI
⬜ Too many dependencies leading to a single milestone
⬜ Too much Work-in-Process in one Iteration
⬜ Too many Features are placed in a team’s swim lane with no strings
⬜ A significant dependency leading to a Feature

When looking at an ART Planning Board, what does it mean when a feature is placed in a team’s swim lane with no strings?

⬜ That the feature can be completed independently from the other teams
⬜ That all the risks have been ROAMed
⬜ That the team has little confidence it will happen
⬜ That the feature should be completed before any other feature

Who has content authority to make decisions at the User Story level during Program Increment (PI) Planning?

⬜ Scrum Masters
⬜ Agile Team
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Release Train Engineer

What does the Product Owner do as part of the prep work for iteration planning?

⬜ They collaborate with their team to detail stories with acceptance criteria and acceptance tests.
⬜ They review and reprioritize the backlog.
⬜ They elaborate backlogs into user stories for implementation.
⬜ They build, edit, and maintain the team backlog.

During PI Planning, who owns Feature priorities?

⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Management
⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Solution Architect/Engineer

Whose active participation in the PI Planning event provides an essential Guardrail on budgetary spending?

⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Management
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Solution Architect/Engineer

Who assigns business value (BV) to the team PI Objectives?

⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Product Owner
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Scrum Master

*Who decides the Team PI Objective Business Value scoring after negotiation?

⬜ The RTE
⬜ The Agile Team
⬜ Business Owner
⬜ Product Management

*Why do Business Owners assign business value to team PI Objectives? (Choose two.)

⬜ To determine the highest value using WSJF
⬜ To ensure the teams do not work on architectural Enablers
⬜ To provide guidance on the business value of the team objectives
⬜ To override the decisions made in WSJF prioritization
⬜ To empower teams to make decisions around work
⬜ To determine what the teams should work on first

What is considered an anti-pattern when assigning business values to team PI Objectives?

⬜ Business Owners assigning the business value
⬜ Assigning business values to uncommitted objectives
⬜ All PI Objectives are given a value of 10
⬜ Business Owners assign high values to important Enabler work

During PI Planning, which two tasks are part of the Scrum Master’s role in the first team breakout? (Choose two.)

⬜ Review and Reprioritize the team backlog as part of the preparatory work for the second team breakout
⬜ Facilitate the coordination with other teams for dependencies
⬜ Provide clarifications necessary to assist the team with their story estimating and sequencing
⬜ Identify as many risks and dependencies as possible for the management review
⬜ Be involved in the program backlog refinement and preparation

Which two statements are true about uncommitted objectives? (Choose two.)

⬜ The work to deliver the uncommitted objectives is not planned into the iterations during PI Planning
⬜ Uncommitted objectives are extra things the team can do in case they have time
⬜ Uncommitted objectives are not included in the team’s commitment
⬜ Uncommitted objectives do not get assigned a planned business value score
⬜ Uncommitted objectives help improve predictability

*Which statement applies to uncommitted objectives?

⬜ They are items the team has high confidence in
⬜ They are extra things teams can do if they have time
⬜ They are counted when calculating load
⬜ They are included in the commitment

Which statement correctly describes one aspect of the team’s commitment at the end of PI Planning?

⬜ A team commits only to the PI Objectives with the highest business value
⬜ A team does not commit to uncommitted objectives
⬜ A team commits to all the Features they put on the program board
⬜ A team commits to all the Stories they put on their PI plan

Which is not a valid reason to move a PI Objective to uncommitted?

⬜ Dependencies with another team or supplier that cannot be guaranteed
⬜ The team has little to no experience with functionality of this type
⬜ There are a large number of critical objectives that the business depends on, and the team is already loaded close to full capacity.
⬜ There is an objective with low business value

*During the final plan review, ART PI risks are ROAM’ed. What do the letters in ROAM represent?

⬜ Resolved, Owned, Assigned, Mitigated
⬜ Resolved, Owned, Accepted, Mitigated
⬜ Resolved, Owned, Approved, Mitigated
⬜ Resolved, Owned, Active, Mitigated

*During the PI Planning event when are planning adjustments agreed upon?

⬜ During breakout sessions
⬜ During the management review and problem-solving meeting
⬜ During the Coach sync
⬜ During the draft plan review

Which of the below statement about draft plan review is NOT True?

⬜ Entire ART is present during Draft Plan review
⬜ Initial PI Objectives in the Draft Plan do not include ‘uncommitted objectives’
⬜ Draft Plan review usually happens on Day 1 of PI planning
⬜ ART planning board is used for the Draft Plan review

On day two of PI Planning, management presents adjustments based on the previous day’s management review and problem-solving meeting. What is one possible type of adjustment they could make?

⬜ Change a team’s plan
⬜ Create new User Stories
⬜ Adjust business priorities
⬜ Adjust the length of the PI

On day two of PI Planning, adjustments are made by the group based on the previous day’s management review and problem-solving meeting. What are three possible types of changes? (Choose three.)

⬜ Adjustment to PI Objectives
⬜ User Stories
⬜ Planning requirements reset
⬜ Movement of people
⬜ Changes to scope

Why is a confidence vote held at the end of PI Planning?

⬜ To remove the risks for the PI
⬜ To build shared commitment to the Program plan
⬜ To ensure that Business Owners accept the plan
⬜ To hold the team accountable if the Agile Release Train does not deliver on its commitment

*A confidence vote is taken at the end of PI Planning after dependencies are resolved and risks are addressed. What best describes the process of the confidence vote?

⬜ Each person votes
⬜ The managers vote
⬜ The teams and the ARTs vote
⬜ The business owners vote

At the end of PI Planning after dependencies are resolved and risks are addressed, a confidence vote is taken. What is the default method used to vote?

⬜ A vote by team then a vote of every person for the train
⬜ A vote by every person then normalized for the train
⬜ A vote by team normalized for the train
⬜ A single vote by every person for the train

Teams make their PI objectives SMART, what SMART stands for?

⬜ Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic, Time-Bound
⬜ Strategic, Maintainable, Achievable, Realistic, Testable
⬜ Specific, Measurable,  Achievable, Reusable, Testable
⬜ Strategic, Maintainable,  Achievable, Realistic, Time-Bound

During PI planning, what are two key purposes of the hourly Scrum of Scrums checkpoint meeting? (Choose two.)

⬜ To help keep teams on track
⬜ To support early identification of risk
⬜ To align milestones with PI objectives
⬜ To keep stretch objectives within scope
⬜ To ensure PI objectives have direct user value

What are two reasons the 5 Whys technique is effective to perform root cause analysis in Inspect and Adapt event? (Choose two.)

⬜ It allows for assumptions and logic traps
⬜ It is an effective way for the team to collaborate
⬜ It allows problems of a similar nature to be combined into groups
⬜ It reveals the nature of the problem through repeating “why” five times
⬜ It explores the cause and effect relationship underlying a particular problem

Whent the 5 Whys technique is used?

⬜ To identify the root cause of the problem
⬜ To define the acceptance criteria of a Story
⬜ To brainstorm on the customer journey
⬜ To define the requirements of MVP

Area 9: Continuous Delivery Pipelines with DevOps


*What represents the workflow, activities, and automation needed to deliver new functionality more frequently?

⬜ The Portfolio Kanban
⬜ The Lean budget Guradrails
⬜ The PI Planning process
⬜ The Continuous Delivery Pipeline

What is an explanation of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline at the Scaled Agile Framework Program Level?

⬜ It encompasses everything needed to go from untested software artifacts to tested software artifacts.
⬜ It encompasses everything needed to provide a continuous stream of value to clients.
⬜ It encompasses everything needed to deploy working software artifacts from a test environment to a production environment.
⬜ It encompasses everything needed to go from source code to working software artifacts.

What is SAFe’s release strategy?

⬜ Release on demand
⬜ Release continuously
⬜ Release every Program Increment
⬜ Release on cadence

What is one component of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline?

⬜ Continuous Planning
⬜ Continuous Improvement
⬜ Continuous Cadence
⬜ Continuous Exploration

What are the three components of the Continuous Delivery Pipeline? (Choose three.)

⬜ Continuous Planning
⬜ Continuous Improvement
⬜ Continuous Integration
⬜ Continuous Cadence
⬜ Continuous Deployment
⬜ Continuous Exploration

*Deploy, verify, monitor, and respond are all activities of what?

⬜ Continuous Integration
⬜ Continuous Deployment
⬜ Continuous Exploration
⬜ Release on Demand

*Why is it important to decouple deployment from release?

⬜ To remove the need to respond quickly to production issues
⬜ To allow inspection of Agile maturity based on different cycle times
⬜ To make deploying of assets a business decision
⬜ To enable releasing functionality on demand to meet business needs

When is the best time to release software in SAFe?

⬜ After every PI
⬜ After every Iteration
⬜ As soon as the software meets the Solution Definition of Done
⬜ Whenever the Business needs it

In SAFe, who makes the decision to release the changes into Production?

⬜ Solution Owner
⬜ System Architect
⬜ Release Train Engineer
⬜ Product Management

What do feature toggles enable?

⬜ Continuous Deployment
⬜ Scheduled Release
⬜ Automated Testing
⬜ Release on Demand

Which statement is true about DevOps?

⬜ DevOps is an approach to bridge the gap between development and operations
⬜ DevOps automation of testing reduces the holding cost
⬜ Measurements are not a top priority for DevOps
⬜ Lean-Agile principles are not necessary for a successful DevOps implementation

What is one key purpose of DevOps?

⬜ DevOps joins development and operations to enable continuous delivery
⬜ DevOps enables continuous release by building a scalable Continuous Delivery Pipeline
⬜ DevOps focuses on a set of practices applied to large systems
⬜ DevOps focuses on automating the delivery pipeline to reduce transaction cost

Which statement is true when continuously deploying using a DevOps model?

⬜ It alleviates the reliance on the skill sets of Agile teams
⬜ It increases the transaction cost
⬜ It lessens the severity and frequency of release failures
⬜ It ensures that changes deployed to production are always immediately available to end-users

What does SAFe’s CALMR approach apply to?

⬜ PI Planning
⬜ DevOps
⬜ Economic Framework
⬜ Continuous Deployment

Which of the below is not part of the CALMR approach to DevOps?

⬜ Automation
⬜ Measurement
⬜ Continuous Improvement
⬜ Lean Flow

What is one element of the CALMR approach to DevOps?

⬜ Maximize work in process
⬜ Retentlessly reduce risk
⬜ Lean Flow accelerate delivery
⬜ Activate the knowledge worker

Area 10: Scrum Master Characteristics


Which is a characteristic of an effective Scrum Master?

⬜ Empathy
⬜ Optimism
⬜ Agreeableness
⬜ Fairness

Which trait of the Scrum Master helps them to understand concerns of the team member’s belief or feelings?

⬜ Empathy
⬜ Transparency
⬜ Mentor
⬜ Servent Leader

The Scrum Master facilitates which three events in SAFe? (Choose three.)

⬜ System Demo
⬜ Retrospective
⬜ Daily stand-up
⬜ Scrum of Scrums
⬜ Iteration Planning
⬜ LPM Backlog Refinement

The Scrum Master join which event as attendee, not as a facilitator? (Choose three.)

⬜ System Demo
⬜ Retrospective
⬜ Team Sync
⬜ Scrum of Scrums
⬜ Backlog refinement
⬜ Inspect and Adapt

The Scrum Master is what above all else? (Choose two.)

⬜ A Servant Leader
⬜ A Team Coach
⬜ A SAFe Agilist
⬜ A Lean-Agile Leader

What is a characteristic of an effective Scrum Master?

⬜ Supports the autonomy of the team
⬜ Articulates Architectural solutions
⬜ Is a technical expert
⬜ Understands customer needs

Area 11: Scrum Master Responsibilities


Which comes under Scrum Master responsibility?

⬜ Connecting with the Customer
⬜ Contributing to the Vision and Roadmap
⬜ Managing and Prioritize the Team Backlog
⬜ Facilitate PI Planning

What is one responsibility of a Scrum Master/Team Coach?

⬜ Prioritizing the Backlog
⬜ Testing the system
⬜ Demoing the system
⬜ Improving flow

Which activity is a Scrum Master Responsibility?

⬜ Facilitating the ART Sync (Scrum of scrum)
⬜ Coordinating with other Teams
⬜ Owning the Team Sync
⬜ Prioritizing the Team Backlog

What is one responsibility of a SAFe Scrum Master?

⬜ Facilitating an effective Team breakout session during PI Planning
⬜ Running System and Solution Demos
⬜ Estimating the size and complexity of the work
⬜ Developing and communicating the ART Vision and Roadmap

⬜ Ensure that only fibonacci is used to estimation
⬜ Ensure that story points are equal to man-days for better estimation
⬜ Ensure that relative estimates are used
⬜ Ensure that only team members are present

⬜ Secure support from other Teams on how work will be shared and completed
⬜ Ensure the Team has Stories written for the first two Iterations of the Increment
⬜ Align on how the Team will answer questions about their proposed objectives
⬜ Identify as many risks and dependencies as possible for the Management Review

Which is an anti-pattern practice for Scrum Master in PI Planning?

⬜ Ensure that the team is honest in their confidence vote
⬜ Make sure the team builds a plan they can commit to
⬜ Facilitate the retrospective
⬜ Overplanning ahead of time to make PI Planning more efficient

What is one of the role of Scrum Master in Iteration Planning?

⬜ Involve deeply into the technical discussions
⬜ Ensure that the team commits to the Iteration Goals
⬜ Influence the team to overcommit and exceed from their previous iteration commitments
⬜ Ensure that the team under-commit if the Iteration Goals are not clear

What is one of the role of Scrum Master in tracking Iteration Progress?

⬜ Do all the synchronization for team idependently
⬜ Make sure the defects are pushed to the IP iteration
⬜ Support the team’s unwillingness to change or add objectives mid-PI
⬜ Encourage the team to point out as soon as possible if they think they will miss Iteration Goals or PI Objective

Which is NOT a good practice for Scrum Master in Backlog refinement?

⬜ Maintain the timebox
⬜ Make sure all the team members participate
⬜ Clarifies or supplement the acceptance criteria
⬜ Invite the right subject matter experts

Which is NOT a good practice for Scrum Master in Iteration Review and System Demo?

⬜ Ensure that the team is ready for the System Demo and coordinates with the System Team
⬜ Make sure different team members have the opportunity to demo
⬜ Ensure that the team celebrates its accomplishments and that stakeholders acknowledge them
⬜ Skip System Demo when Iteration review is enough to save team’s time

⬜ Encourage the Team member with the best presentation skills to demo each Iteration
⬜ Limit participants to just the Team members
⬜ Encourage Team members to spend three more hours preparing
⬜ Begin to consider how and what to demo in Iteration Planning

⬜ Focus on problems that are outside of the team’s control
⬜ Inviting people outside the team (especially management) to the retrospective
⬜ Make sure the entire team has a voice in the retrospective
⬜ Pick as many as things that can be done better or preserved and target them for next iteration

Which statement is NOT true about the practices in Inspect & Adapt (I&A) event?

⬜ Improvement items are not included in the PI Planning process
⬜ Scrum master facilitates the team’s preparation for the PI System Demo
⬜ Scrum master helps the RTE make sure improvement items are included in the PI
⬜ Improvement Items are demoed in the PI System Demo

What is one way a Scrum Master/Team Coach can support Iteration Execution?

⬜ Build value Stream Maps
⬜ Facilitate Team Events
⬜ Prioritize the Team Backlog
⬜ Assign story points for each User Story

What is one practice Scrum Masters/Team Coaches can use to run successful meetings?

⬜ Allow individuals to override Timeboxes to ensure full discussions
⬜ Maintain vague agendas to allow for any urgent issues
⬜ Leave meetings with clear action items
⬜ Schedule meetings around the Product Owner to ensure they are able to make final decisions

What is one practice Scrum Masters/Team Coaches can use to facilitate conflict management?

⬜ Enforce working agreements
⬜ Escalate conflicts to the Release Train Engineer
⬜ Implement a formal complaints system
⬜ Encourage Team members to resolve conflicts on their own

What is one Scrum value that can help Agile Teams create transparency?

⬜ Communication
⬜ Empathy
⬜ Persistance
⬜ Respect

What is one way a Scrum Master/Team Coach can help improve ART performance?

⬜ Prioritize the ART Backlog for PI Planning
⬜ Communicate the PI Planning agenda
⬜ Run an Agile Team charter workshop
⬜ Facilitate cross-team collaboration

What is one element on the Scrum Master/Team Coach responsibility wheel?

⬜ Facilitate an Agile Team charter workshop
⬜ Facilitate Coach Sync
⬜ Facilitate PI Planning
⬜ Facilitate a Community of Practice

What can a Scrum Master/Team Coach recommend to a Team that is showing signs of burnout, not addressing increasing technical debt, and acting out of urgency rather than considering innovation?

⬜ A careful plan at the beginning of each Iteration
⬜ A communicative retrospective at the end of each Iteration
⬜ A constructive IP Iteration at the end of each PI
⬜ A collective Iteration Review and demo each Iteration

What is an example of an anti-pattern a Scrum Master might face?

⬜ Teams coordinate with other teams
⬜ Developers do not work collaboratively on stories
⬜ Teams that keep stories small to support team iteration
⬜ A product owner representing the ‘Voice of the Customer’

What is one of the most important tasks of a Scrum Master?

⬜ Increasing the velocity
⬜ Fostering collaboration
⬜ Following Scrum events
⬜ Reporting status to management

What are two examples of an organizational structure anti-pattern? (Choose two.)

⬜ The Scrum Master runs backlog refinement
⬜ There are two Product Owners for the team
⬜ There is one Scrum Master supporting the team
⬜ The Development Team’s manager is also the Product Owner
⬜ Development Team members rotate the role of the Scrum Master

Which activity is a Scrum Master’s responsibility?

⬜ Coaching the Release Train Engineer(s)
⬜ Owning the Daily stand-up
⬜ Coaching the Agile team
⬜ Prioritizing the Team Backlog

What is part of the role of the Scrum Master?

⬜ To prioritize and identify what is ready for Iteration Planning
⬜ To escalate ART impediments
⬜ To understand Customer needs
⬜ To facilitate the team events

Which two behaviors should a SAFe scrum master represent as a Coach? (Choose two.)

⬜ Be a facilitator
⬜ Focus on deadlines and technical options
⬜ Drive towards specific outcomes
⬜ Provide subject matter expertise
⬜ Develop team skillsets

What falls outside the Scrum Master’s responsibility?

⬜ Facilitating the Innovation and Planning event
⬜ Facilitating team events
⬜ Attending Scrum of scrums
⬜ Estimating stories for the team

Area 12: WSJF


Weighted Shortest Job First gives preference to jobs with which two characteristics? (Choose two.)

⬜ Higher Cost of Delay
⬜ Lower Cost of Delay
⬜ Fixed date
⬜ Shorter duration
⬜ Revenue impact

*User business value and time criticality are components of what?

⬜ Story point estimation
⬜ Product Vision
⬜ Cost of Delay
⬜ Feature Acceptance Criteria

Given the equal Cost of Delay (CoD), which job should do first based on Job Duration (JD)?

⬜ CoD = $$, JD = 1 day
⬜ CoD = $$, JD = 3 days
⬜ CoD = $$, JD = 10 days
⬜ CoD = $$, JD = 1 month

Given the equal Job Duration (JD), which job should do first based on Cost of Delay (CoD)?

⬜ CoD = $$$$, JD = 3 days
⬜ CoD = $$$, JD = 3 days
⬜ CoD = $$, JD = 3 days
⬜ CoD = $, JD = 3 days

WSJF is particularly not useful to prioritize what?

⬜ Team Backlog
⬜ Portfolio Backlog
⬜ Solution Backlog
⬜ ART Backlog